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Themes: Elections
This page lists all the content on the site relevant to elections and by-elections.

History (19)
Journal articles (42)
Events (11)
Archives: libraries (1)
Archives: individuals (1)
PhD theses (8)
Research (2)

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History
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1906 Election

In the General Election of January 1906 the Liberals swept to victory in a landslide result, which saw the party win 400 seats. Conservative strongholds such as Bath and Exeter were conquered as Libe...

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European Parliamentary elections 1979-1999

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Inter-war decline

The Liberals were a political casualty of the Great War - emerging from the conflict as a divided party, whose key ideological beliefs had been sacrificed to meet the needs of modern warfare. ...

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Liberal Vote in England, Scotland and Wales 1832-2001

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Liberal vote in the English regions 1955-2001

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Scottish Parliamentary Elections 1999

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Seat gains and losses at by-elections 1885-1997

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The Home Rule crisis

Shortly after Gladstones second government had seen the third reform act safely onto the statute book in 1885, it suffered a defeat on the budget and resigned. Lord Salisbury formed a minority Conser...

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The Liberal Vote 1832-1997

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The Midlothian Campaign

A year after the defeat of his government in 1874, William Ewart Gladstone retired as leader of the Liberal Party. At 65, he deeply desired an interval between parliament and the grave to devote to r...

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Remember The Rights of The Savage

Following his electoral defeat in 1874, Gladstone resigned the Liberal leadership and, in his sixties, hoped to spend the rest of his life in retirement. The Balkan Massacres of 1876 drew him back to...

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The 1918 'coupon' general election

Just 24 hours after the Armistice had been signed with Germany, Lloyd George announced his decision to hold an election in alliance with his Coalition partners and Parliament was accordingly dissolve...

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The 1923 general election

The 1923 election was sparked in October of that year, when the Conservative Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin announced that his government would be seeking a mandate to introduce tariff protection, in...

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The 1924 general election

In contrast to the contest of 1923, the General Election of 29 October 1924 was an unmitigated disaster for the Liberals and the Party's parliamentary strength was reduced to just 40 MPs. A numb...

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The 1929 general election

The election of May 1929 took place against a backdrop of economic depression, as the Conservative government struggled to stem a growing tide of unemployment in the aftermath of the First World War....

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The 1931 general election

The National Government was formed in August 1931, following the failure of Ramsay Macdonald's minority Labour administration to deal with the mounting unemployment that was paralysing Britain. ...

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The Liberal Nationals

The Liberal National group was officially formed on 5 October 1931; two days before the commencement of the election campaign, which saw the Liberals enter the polls as three distinct groups. ...

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Local history: Wembley Young Liberals in the 1950s

Alan Knight on being active in the Wembley North Young Liberals in the early 1950s. ...

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Local history: Epsom & Ewell Social Democrats

David Gourley on joining the SDP in 1981 and working with the Liberals through the Alliance and merger. ...

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Journal articles
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Honiton, Dumfriesshire and the Lloyd George Fund

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 49 ')


The use of the Lloyd George Fund in two constituencies in the 1929 election

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Disappointment or bridgehead?

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 48 ')


Liberal Democrat performance in the 2005 election

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The 2001 election

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal Democrat History 32 ')


Examination of the Liberal Democrat performance in the election of 7 June 2001, with lessons for the party’s future strategy.

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Hidden workers of the party

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 52 ')


The professional Liberal agents, 1885-1910

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So how well did we do?

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 16 ')


A critical look at the Liberal Democrats' performance in the 1997 election.

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Landslide

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 15 ')


The Labour Party's performance in the 1997 general election took even its most optimistic supporters by surprise. How does the result look when compared with previous election landslides? And what might happen now?

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The 1906 landslide: the legacy

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 54 - Special issue: The 1906 landslide: the legacy ')


Introduction to this special issue of the Journal, on the legacy of the 1906 Liberal government

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Liberals and the 1945 election (1)

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 9 ')


Review of Malcolm Baines, 'The Liberal Party and the 1945 General Election', Contemporary Record 9:1, Summer 1995

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Simon and Southwark, Bermondsey

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal Democrat History 26 ')


Analysis of how Simon Hughes came to be selected for the apparently unwinnable seat of Southwark, Bermondsey.

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The election of Jeremy Thorpe to the Liberal leadership

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 15 ')


The first phase of the Liberal postwar revival came to an end with the resignation of Jo Grimond as leader. Tim Beaumont recalls the election of his successor.

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Dishing the Whigs in Winchester

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 53 ')


The impact of electoral reform in the nineteenth century on elections in Winchester.

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Liberal civil war: Denbigh, Oldham and the 1935 election

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 56 ')


The story of two constituencies where Liberals and Liberal Nationals fought each other at the 1935 general election.

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Liberals and the 1945 election (2)

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 9 ')


Review of Peter Joyce, The Liberal Party and the 1945 General Election

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The 1910 general elections

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 68 ')


Turning points in British politics?

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A forgotten Liberal-Conservative alliance

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 79 ')


The Constitutionalists and the 1924 election - a new party or a worthless coupon?

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Report: Landslide for the left

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 13 ')


Report of LDHG meeting of September 1996, on the 1906 election, with John Grigg and Andrew Adonis.

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The Inverness turning point

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 53 ')


How the Liberals' near-miss in the Inverness by-election of 1954 proved a turning point in the party's fortunes.

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Elections 2007

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 56 ')


Analysis of the outcomes of the local, Scottish and Welsh elections of May 2007. What do they mean for the Liberal Democrats?

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The 2010 election in historical perspective

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 69 ')


Report of meeting of 19 September 2010; with John Curtice, Denis Kavanagh and James Gurling. Chair: Tony Little.

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The Liberal electoral agent in the post-Reform-Act era

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 73 ')


An analysis of the activities of the Liberal electoral agents in the period after the Great Reform Act.

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The 1936 Preston by-election

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 75 ')


A look at the tensions the by-election caused for Liberal National and Conservative coalition partners.

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Berwick-upon-Tweed: A venal borough?

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 48 ')


Berwick’s reputation for electoral corruption during the nineteenth century, and the impact of bribery on voting behaviour

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1945 and all that

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 15 ')


The 1945 election was a stunning Labour victory, but what did it mean for the Liberal Party?

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Fighting Orpington

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 14 - Special issue: The Liberal revival ')


The stunning by-election victory of Orpington in 1962 was the high point of the first Liberal revival. Eric Lubbock (now Lord Avebury) was the candidate.

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Debate: Holding the balance

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 64 ')


An exchange of views between Duncan Brack and Roy Douglas on the desirability of a hung parliament and its possible impact on the Liberal Democrats.

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The 2010 election

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 68 ')


Has the mould of British politics finally cracked?

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The lessons of Orpington

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 14 - Special issue: The Liberal revival ')


Analysis of the importance of the by-election result for the Liberal Party.

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Last outpost of urban radicalism: Wolverhampton East, Liberal seat 1832 - 1945

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 53 ')


Analysis of Geoffrey Mander's Wolverhampton seat.

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The 1910 and 2010 elections

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 68 ')


Continuity and change in election campaigning.

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Letters to the Editor

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 74 ')


The 2010 election and the coalition (Michael Meadowcroft); Pat Collins (Lionel King); Punch and cartoons (Andy Connell); Henry George the socialist (Sandy Waugh).

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Decline and fall: the Liberal Party and the elections of 1922, 1923 and 1924

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 82 ')


Report of a Liberal Democrat History Group meeting, February 2014, with Michael Steed, Professor Pat Thane and Dr Julie Smith.

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Report: Election 2005 in historical perspective

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 50 ')


with John Curtice, Andrew Russell and Chris Rennard

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Letters to the editor

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 51 ')


Election 2006.

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Liberal Party fortunes in the Isle of Wight 1900-1910

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 75 ')


The political and electoral history of a Liberal-Conservative marginal seat.

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1906: Blissful dawn?

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 51 ')


Lecture to the Corporation of London, February 2006.

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The 2005 general election

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 52 ')


Reviews of Geddes & Tonge (eds.): Britain Decides The UK General Election 2005, Bartle & King (eds.): Britain at the Polls 2005, Kavanagh & Butler: The British General Election of 2005, Norris & Wlezien (eds.): Britain Votes 2005

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The Sutton & Cheam by-election

(from journal ' Liberal Democrat History Group Newsletter 14 - Special issue: The Liberal revival ')


The Sutton & Cheam by-election was won for the Liberal Party in December 1972. Jennifer Tankard interviews the victor, Graham (now Lord) Tope.

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Whatever happened to 'Orpington Man'?

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 74 ')


Report of a Liberal Democrat History Group meeting at the National Liberal Club, 23 January 2012, with Dr Mark Egan and Professor Dennis Kavanagh.

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In further search of 'Orpington Man'

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 74 ')


A response to the report on the Liberal Democrat History Group meeting about 'Orpington Man'.

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Cartoons galore

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 76 ')


Review of Alan Mumford: Drawn at the Hustings: General elections 1722-1935 in caricature and cartoon (Burke's Peerage and
Gentry, 2011)

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2010 analysed

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 79 ')


Review of Robert Worcester and Roger Mortimore, Explaining Cameron's Coalition (Biteback Publishing, 2011).

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Letters to the Editor

(from journal ' Journal of Liberal History 82 ')


Election agents (J. R. Howe and Antony Hook)

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Events
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Election 2010 in historical perspective

Sunday 19 September 2010

The 2010 election must rank as one of the strangest in the history of the Liberal Democrats or its predecessor parties. Britains first-ever television debates saw the party catapulted into the front ...

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Blissful Dawn? The 1906 Election

Tuesday 7 February 2006

On 7 February 2006, the counting of votes was completed in the 1906 general election, and the Liberal Party had obtained a majority of 132 over all other parties. In addition, for the first time, 29 ...

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Election 2005 in historical perspective

Sunday 18 September 2005

The 2005 election saw the Liberal Democrats win a higher number of seats than at any time since 1923, and, for the second election in a row, gain both votes and seats after a period of Labour governm...

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Liberals in Liverpool: Their Legacy

Friday 19 March 2004

Liverpool has been a Liberal Democrat success. Why?
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The Fall of the Lloyd George Coalition

Monday 14 July 2003

The summer 2003 History Group meeting examined the events which brought an end to the last peacetime participation by the Liberal Party in UK government - when Lloyd Georges coalition was overthrown ...

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Liberal Party General Election campaigns after 1945

Monday 3 February 2003

With David Butler, longstanding co-author and author of the acclaimed Nuffield General Election studies, and Neil Stockley, former Director of Policy, Liberal Democrats.
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Post-war Liberalism and the Politics of Race and Immigration

Monday 2 July 2001

In the run-up to the 2001 general election, the issues of asylum and race relations moved to centre stage, with Liberal Democrats winning plaudits for their firm stand against discrimination.
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From Midlothian to Direct Mail: Parliamentary and Political Campaigning

Friday 16 March 2001

On the eve of the first general election campaign of the twenty-first century, this meeting examined the development of campaigning techniques since the Great Reform Act of 1832.
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1974 Remembered

Sunday 19 September 1999

The two elections of 1974 formed a peak of the second post-war Liberal revival, giving the party six million votes but no more than fourteen MPs. Participants in the campaigns - including Tim Beaumon...

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Landslide for the Left

Sunday 22 September 1996

Massive Tory defeat .... sweeping opposition landslide victory .... major gains by small third party .... but what does the new government stand for other than opposition to unpopular Conservative po...

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Hung Parliaments and Coalition Governments: Learning the Lessons of History

Sunday 8 September 1991

The next election will see a bigger chance of a hung parliament than any fought over the last thirteen years. But what happens if the Liberal Democrats do end up holding the balance? ...

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Archives: libraries
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Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Archive Collections relating to Liberal history at the Bodleian Library ...

archive url: http://www.ouls.ox.ac.uk/bodley/library/specialcollections
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Archives: individuals
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Wainwright, Richard (1918-2003) and Lord Steel (1938-)

Project to catalogue the papers of Richard Wainwright and Lord David Steel at London School of Economics Archives ...

archive url: http://www.lse.ac.uk/library/archives
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PhD theses
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An analysis of voting patterns for the Liberal Party, with initial reference to the General Election of 1966


Southampton Ph.D. , 1978

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Electoral politics in Berwick-upon-Tweed, 1832-85

Supervisor - Mr. Alan J. Heesom

Durham, M.Phil , 2002

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Political communications and party development in Britain: the Social Democratic Party from its origins to the General Election campaign of 1983


London School of Economics Ph.D. , 1987

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Seat-votes relationships in British general elections, 1955-97


Oxford, D.Phil , 2002

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The British general election of 1929

Supervisor - Professor Peter F. Clarke

Cambridge, Ph.D , 1999

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The Liberal Party in Scotland, 1843-1868: electoral politics and party development

Supervisor - Dr John F McCaffery

Glasgow, Ph.D. , 1996

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The Liberal Unionist Party until December 1887


Edinburgh Ph.D. , 1955

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The National Reform Union and the Reform League: a comparative analysis

Supervisor - Dr. David Nicholls

Manchester Metropolitan, Ph.D , 1997

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Research
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Policy position and Leadership Strategy within the Liberal Democrats: from Ashdown to Clegg

This thesis will be a study of the political positioning and leadership strategy of the Liberal Democrats. Consideration of the role of equidistance; development of policy from the point of merger; the influence and leadership strategies of each leader from Ashdown to Clegg; and electoral strategy from 1988-2015 will form the basis of the work. Any material relating to leadership election campaigns, election campaigns, internal party groups (for example the Social Liberal Forum) or policy documents from 1987 and merger talks onwards would be greatly welcomed. Personal insights and recollections also sought.

Samuel Barratt

Contact: pt10seb@leeds.ac.uk

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The Liberal Party's political communication, 1945-2002

Research on the Liberal party and Lib Dems' political communication. Any information welcome (including testimonies) about electoral campaigns and strategies.

Cynthia Boyer

Contact: CUFR Champollion, Place de Verdun, 81 000 Albi, France; +33 5 63 48 19 77; cynthia.boyer@univ-jfc.fr

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